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Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity, Barronstrand Street, Waterford

RegionCo. Waterford
Uploaded byDavid Forde
Builder(s)
William Hill and Son (1858)
William Hill and Son (1901)
Irish Organ Company (1964)
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The antecedent specifications are from David Forde's research into the history of this organ - please contact him for further information.

The Musical World 18th September 1858

Great Organ C C to F, 54 notes
1. Double Diapason, metal, to 12 ft., G lower 7 bourdons
2. Open Diapason, metal, 8 ft.
3. Open Diapason No. 2, metal, 8 ft.
4. Viol de gamba (sic) (German), metal, 8 ft.
5. Stopped Diapason, wood 8 ft.
6. Quint, metal, 6 ft.
7. Principal, metal, 4 ft.
8. Wald flute, wood, 4 ft.
9. Twelfth, metal, 3 ft.
10. Fifteenth, metal, 2 ft.
11. Sesquialtera, 3 ranks 11/2 ft.
12. Mixture, 3 ranks 11/2 ft.
13. Posaune, metal, 8 ft.
14. Trumpet, metal, 8 ft.
15. Clarion, metal, 4 ft.
16. Trumpet, metal, 16 ft.

Choir Organ C C to F, 54 notes
1. Cone gamba, metal, 8 ft.
2. Keraulophon, tenor C, metal, 8 ft.
3. Stopped diapason bass, stopped diapason treble, wood, 8 ft.
5. Stopped flute, wood, 4ft.
4. Gemshorn principal, metal, 4 ft.
6. Piccolo, wood, 2 ft.
7. Cormorne, metal, 8 ft.

Swell Organ C C to F, 54 notes
1. Bourdon bass and double diapason, wood and metal, 16 ft.
2. Open Diapason, wood and metal, 8 ft.
3. Dulciana to tenor C, metal, 8 ft.
4. Stopped diapason, bass and treble, wood, 8 ft.
5. Principal, metal, 4 ft.
6. Suabe flute to tenor C, wood, 4 ft.
7. Twelfth, metal, 3 ft.
8. Fifteenth, metal, 2 ft.
9. Sesquialtra (sic), 3 ranks, metal, 11/2 ft.
10. Cornopean, metal, 8 ft.
11. Oboe, metal, 8 ft.
12. Clarion, metal, 4 ft.
13. Vox Humana, tenor C, metal, 16 ft.

Pedal Organ CCC to F, 30 notes
1. Open diapason (wood), 16 ft.
2. Violone (wood), 16 ft.
3. Principal (metal), 8 ft.
4. Fifteenth (metal), 4 ft.
5. Sesquialtera 3 ranks (metal), 3 ft.
6. Trombone (wood), 16 ft.
7. Contra Bourdon, 32 ft.

Stops: Great organ, 16; Choir, 7, Swell, 13; Pedal, 7; Couplers 5; Total, 48.
Pipes: Great organ, 979; Choir, 354, Swell, 773; Pedal, 210; Total, 2317.

Couplers: 1, Swell to great; 2, Pedal to great; 3, Pedal to Swell; 4, Pedal to Choir; 5, Choir to Swell; Three Composition pedals to great organ to act also on pedal stops; Three Composition pedals to swell organ; a tremulant for swell organ; a separate bellows for pedal organ; a deal-case of painted or stained with gilt front pipes; a pneumatic action to great organ to act also on coupler, so as to render the touch perfectly light; the whole of the mechanism, material, and voicing, to be of the very best description, and the work to be of the highest class.

Research notes
Apart from the occasional minor difference in stop label terminology, and some information regarding the materials and compass of some stops, this account conforms to the Hill estimate book. The description of the Great organ Gamba as of ‘German’ form is evidence of Hill’s introduction of pipe construction new to the English organ-building tradition. The only oddity in this specification is the Vox Humana which is noted as being at 16’ pitch. This seems highly unlikely – double reeds of any form were not to become a feature of English swell divisions until later in the 19th century, and a Vox Humana at this pitch would have little musical utility. It is possible that this was simply a copyist error on the part of the reporter. The descriptive paragraph seems to be a direct transcription of the builder’s estimate – the case is still described as “painted or stained”, remarkably imprecise for an already complete instrument.

1901 - Rebuilt with pneumatic action, and limited tonal alteration

Research notes
The specification that is...listed reveals the altered names, though it is replete with mistakes – some are quaint transcriptional errors, such as the Great Quint spelt as ‘Geeint’, but other errors include the ‘retention’ of the Twelfth on the Swell, although this stop was in fact replaced by new Voix Celeste.

The revised 1901 specification, as given in a Waterford News article, was:

Great
1. Double Diapason 16
2. No.1 Open Diapason 8
3. No.2 Open Diapason 8
4. Gamba 8
5. Stop Diapason 8
6. Geeint (sic) 6
7. Principal 4
8. Wald Flute 4
9. Twelfth 3
10. Fifteenth 2
11. Sesquiltero (sic) 3rks
12. Mixture 3rks
13. Double Trumpet 16
14. Posaune 8
15. Trumpet 8
16. Clarion 4

Swell
1. Double Diapason 16
2. Open Diapason 8
3. Stopped Diapason 8
4. Salicional 8
5. Voix Celeste 8
6. Principal 4
7. Suabe Flute 4
8. Twelfth (sic) 3
9. Fifteenth 2
10. Mixture 3rks
11. Cornopean 8
12. Oboe 8
13. Clarion 4
14. Vox Humana 8
15. Tremulant

Choir
1. Cone Gamba 8
2. Keraulophon 8
3. Stop Diapason 8
4. Gemshorn 4
5. Stop Flute 4
6. Piccolo 2
7. Cremorne (sic) 8

Pedal
1. Sub Bourdon 32
2. Open Diapason 16
3. Violone 16
4. Principal 8
5. Fifteenth 4
6. Sesquiltera (sic) 3rks
7. Trombone 16

Couplers:- Swell Octave, Swell to Great, Swell to Pedal, Swell to Choir, Great to Pedal, Choir to Pedal

Irish Organ Company 1964

Rebuilt with major structural and tonal alteration, deletion of many ranks and conversion to electro-pneumatic action

Great
1. Double Open Diapason 16
2. No.1 Open Diapason 8
3. No.2 Open Diapason 8
4. Stopped Diapason 8
5. Salicional 8 renamed
6. Quint 51/3
7. Octave 4 renamed
8. Wald Flute 4
9. Twelfth 22/3
10. Fifteenth 2
11. Mixture III composition altered
12. Mixture II composition altered
13. Double Trumpet 16 A 85 note unit – 1-12 new, new harmonic treble resonators
14. Trumpet 8 extended from A
15. Clarion 4 extended from A
Swell Sub Octave to Great
Swell to Great
Swell Octave to Great
Choir to Great
Choir Octave to Great

Choir
1. Gemshorn 8 renamed
2. Stopped Diapason 8
3. Gemshorn 4
4. Spitz Flute 4 new
5. Nazard 22/3 new
6. Tierce 13/5 new
7. Larigot 11/3 new
8. Trumpet 8 duplex from A – non coupling
Tremulant
Choir Octave
Swell to Choir

Swell
1. Open Diapason 8
2. Rohr Flute 8 renamed
3. Echo Gamba 8 renamed
4. Voix Celeste 8
5. Octave 4 renamed
6. Suabe Flute 4
7. Fifteenth 2
8. Mixture III
9. Contra Oboe 16 B 85 note unit – 1-12 new, treble pipes added
10. Cornopean 8
11. Oboe 8 extended from B
12. Oboe 4 extended from B
Tremulant
Swell Sub Octave
Swell Octave

Pedal
1. Harmonic Bass (sic) 32 C 68 note unit (old 32’ Bourdon, with trebles ex. Swell Double)
2. Open Diapason 16 D 56 note unit (old 16’, various trebles, inc. Ped. Mixture)
3. Bourdon 16 extended from C
4. Octave 8 extended from D
5. Bass Flute 8 extended from C
6. Principal 4 extended from D
7. Choral Bass 4 extended from C
8. Trombone 16 duplex of A
9. Contra Oboe 16 duplex of B
Choir to Pedal
Great to Pedal
Swell to Pedal

Detached stop-key console
5 adjustable thumb pistons to Great
5 adjustable thumb pistons to Swell, duplicated by toe studs
4 adjustable thumb pistons to Choir
5 adjustable toe studs to Pedal
Reverser pistons to Swell to Great and Great to Pedal
General cancel piston
Pistons adjusted at setter-board drawers on the console
Balanced Swell pedal
General Crescendo Pedal – 10 fixed stages, with indicators and control toe stud